Breathe Free Again
Pulmonology is a medical speciality that deals with diseases involving the respiratory tract which includes the lungs, upper airways, thoracic cavity, and chest wall. It is commonly known as cheat medicine or Respiratory medicine.Pulmonology is closely related to critical care medicine when dealing with patients who require mechanical ventilation.
Some of the Pulmonology related investigatons and facilities that are available in our hospital are
- Investigation of blood (blood tests) including arterial blood gas measurements
- Spirometry the determination of maximum airflow at a given lung volume as measured by breathing into a dedicated machine; this is the key test to diagnose airflow obstruction.
- Pulmonary Function Tests spirometry, as above, plus response to bronchodilators, lung volumes, and diffusion capacity, the latter a measure of lung oxygen absorptive area
- Bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), endobronchial and transbronchial biopsy and epithelial brushing.
- Chest X-rays
- Ultrasound screening
- Polysomnography (sleep studies) commonly used for the diagnosis of Sleep apnea
Here are some of the most common conditions that our pulmonologists diagnose and treat:
Asthma. A chronic condition characterized by periodic wheezing, chest tightness, shortness of breath, and coughing. Asthma attacks occur when inflammation of the airways causes them to narrow, restricting airflow in and out of the lungs.
Bronchiectasis. A condition that results from the damage and dilation (widening) of the large bronchial airways. The bronchial tubes become distended, forming small pockets where infection develops.
Bronchitis. Inflammation of the airways, usually caused by infection. It may be short-lived (acute) or chronic. Symptoms include a cough that produces mucus, wheezing, shortness of breath, fatigue, and mild fever.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). COPD is a group of lung diseases involving airway inflammation, lung tissue damage, and limited airflow. In COPD, the tubes that carry air in and out of the lungs are partly obstructed, making it difficult to breathe
Emphysema. A form of COPD. Emphysema involves damage to the air sacs (alveoli) in the lungs. The air sacs lose elasticity and are unable to completely deflate, which prevents them from filling with fresh air to adequately supply oxygen to the body.
Interstitial lung disease ILD is usually a progressive condition that begins with inflammation of the deep lung tissues and eventually results in scarring called fibrosis, causes the normally elastic tissues of the lungs to stiffen, which interferes with normal breathing and can make it difficult to perform routine activities without getting out of breath.
Occupational lung disease. An illness that is caused by exposure to irritating or toxic substances in the work environment such as Asbestos, dust, hay, silica.
Sarcoidosis. An inflammatory disease that is characterized by granulomas that can grow and clump together in organs, affecting how these organs function. Besides the lungs and lymph nodes, the most commonly affected organs are the skin, eyes, and liver.
For Healthy Lungs
- Quit Smoking
- Avoid Exposure to Pollutants
- Get Active
- Physical activity improves overall health. Aerobic exercise, yoga and breathing exercise improves the lung capacity and lung function.
- Prevent Infections
- So, protect yourself by practicing good hygiene , washing your hands frequently
- Protect yourself with vaccination against swine flu and pneumonia.